Debian 升级 Nginx 到最新版

一直在在使用腾讯云的轻量服务器跑的博客,nginx版本有大半年未更新了,为了体验下nginx最新的某些特性,便想着更新一下nginx到最新的版本。

这里记录一下更新失败的错误和解决办法:

nginx -v查看当前nginx版本。

最开始使用命令apt-get update想着更新最新版本:

root@VM-8-15-debian:~# apt-get update
Hit:1 http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster InRelease
Hit:2 http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-updates InRelease
Hit:3 http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian-security buster/updates InRelease
Hit:4 https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/debian buster InRelease
Hit:5 http://repo.mysql.com/apt/debian buster InRelease
Hit:6 https://download.docker.com/linux/debian buster InRelease
Reading package lists... Done

提示无任何更新内容。想想不应该啊,应该是nginx的最新版本的下载源没有添加到。于是查看apt源。
vi /etc/apt/sources.list

eb http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian-security buster/updates main contrib non-free

# deb-src http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian-security buster/updates main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-backports main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-backports main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://mirrors.tencentyun.com/debian buster-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64] https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/debian buster stable
# deb-src [arch=amd64] https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/debian buster stable

这里记录一下在xshell中无法右键复制vim内的内容解决方法:
在当前执行vi命令的路径新建文件 vi .vimrc
编辑以下内容:set mouse=c
退出保存即可

百度搜索nginx debian的下载源,某博文显示其源为:

deb http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ codename nginx
deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ codename nginx

说明:codename为系统代码,查看本机系统代号使用命令:

lsb_release -cs

将输出结果替换codename
将下载源添加至/etc/apt/sources.list文件内,再执行apt-get update,提示请求某个IP 404错误。不解!

无奈,只好寻求官网,果然官网才是YYDS,参考:http://nginx.org/en/linux_packages.html#Debian

首先,卸载原有的nginx版本:

sudo apt remove nginx nginx-common nginx-full nginx-core
  1. 安装必备组件:
sudo apt install curl gnupg2 ca-certificates lsb-release debian-archive-keyring
  1. 导入一个官方的nginx签名密钥,以便apt可以验证软件包的真实性。获取密钥:
curl https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key | gpg --dearmor \
    | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg >/dev/null
  1. 验证下载的文件是否包含正确的密钥:
gpg --dry-run --quiet --import --import-options import-show /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg

输出应该包含完整的指纹573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62,如下所示:

root@VM-8-15-debian:~# gpg --dry-run --quiet --import --import-options import-show /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg
pub   rsa2048 2011-08-19 [SC] [expires: 2024-06-14]
573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62
uid                      nginx signing key
  1. 如果指纹不同,请删除该文件。
    要为稳定的nginx软件包设置apt仓库,请运行以下命令:
echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg] \
http://nginx.org/packages/debian `lsb_release -cs` nginx" \
    | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
  1. 设置存储库锁定以优先使用官方软件包,而不是发行版提供的软件包:
echo -e "Package: *\nPin: origin nginx.org\nPin: release o=nginx\nPin-Priority: 900\n" \
    | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx
  1. 执行安装更新步骤:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

PS: 更新前请先备份您的Nginx配置文件,例如:cp /etc/nginx/conf.d/myweb.conf /root/myweb.conf

Ends.


标题: Debian 升级 Nginx 到最新版
文章作者: lonuslan
文章链接: https://www.lonuslan.com/articles/2021/09/22/1632323857527.html
版权声明: 本博客所有文章除特别声明外,均采用 CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 许可协议。转载请注明来自 Hi I'm LonusLan
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