daily leetcode - implement-strstr - !

题目地址

https://leetcode.com/problems/implement-strstr/

题目描述

Implement strStr().

Return the index of the first occurrence of needle in haystack, or -1 if needle is not part of haystack.

Example 1:

Input: haystack = "hello", needle = "ll"
Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: haystack = "aaaaa", needle = "bba"
Output: -1

Clarification:

What should we return when needle is an empty string? This is a great question to ask during an interview.

For the purpose of this problem, we will return 0 when needle is an empty string. This is consistent to C's strstr() and Java's indexOf().

思路

这道题让我们在一个字符串中找另一个字符串第一次出现的位置,那首先要做一些判断,如果子字符串为空,则返回0,如果子字符串长度大于母字符串长度,则返回 -1。然后开始遍历母字符串,这里并不需要遍历整个母字符串,而是遍历到剩下的长度和子字符串相等的位置即可,这样可以提高运算效率。然后对于每一个字符,都遍历一遍子字符串,一个一个字符的对应比较,如果对应位置有不等的,则跳出循环,如果一直都没有跳出循环,则说明子字符串出现了,则返回起始位置即可.

关键点解析

代码

class Solution {
public:
    int strStr(string haystack, string needle) {
        if (needle.empty()) return 0;
        int m = haystack.size(), n = needle.size();
        if (m < n) return -1;
        for (int i = 0; i <= m - n; ++i) {
            int j = 0;
            for (j = 0; j < n; ++j) {
                if (haystack[i + j] != needle[j]) break;
            }
            if (j == n) return i;
        }
        return -1;
    }
};

我们也可以写的更加简洁一些,开头直接套两个 for 循环,不写终止条件,然后判断假如j到达 needle 的末尾了,此时返回i;若此时 i+j 到达 haystack 的长度了,返回 -1;否则若当前对应的字符不匹配,直接跳出当前循环,参见代码如下:

解法二:

class Solution {
public:
    int strStr(string haystack, string needle) {
        for (int i = 0; ; ++i) {
            for (int j = 0; ; ++j) {
                if (j == needle.size()) return i;
                if (i + j == haystack.size()) return -1;
                if (needle[j] != haystack[i + j]) break;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }
};

本文参考自:
https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/ &
https://github.com/azl397985856/leetcode


标题: daily leetcode - implement-strstr - !
文章作者: lonuslan
文章链接: https://www.lonuslan.com/articles/2020/02/02/1580648861116.html
版权声明: 本博客所有文章除特别声明外,均采用 CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 许可协议。转载请注明来自 Hi I'm LonusLan
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